The appropriate tests and analysis are carried out at the final stage of every pyrolysis unit installation. General indicators are presented here:
The min. capacity of Pyrolysis unit is 1.5 t of waste materials per hour (36 t/day or 13 000 t/year). The layout of the model with capability 1.5 t/hour is absolutely balanced in accordance with amount of downloading raw materials, output products and economic effectiveness of the process.
The Pyrolysis plants based on continuous pyrolysis technology allows treatment of almost all types of waste, except of demolition waste.
Recyclable materials list includes:
The equipment complexes are designed individually in accordance with raw materials characteristics. Equipment modules for raw materials sorting, sifting, crushing, separating depends on the waste mass content. In accordance with type of waste the pieces fraction differ from 10*10 mm to 20*30 mm. Moisture content of the prepared to the pyrolysis process raw materials is 15-20%.
It is possible to adapt the installation to another type of waste. But it is not economically successful. The equipment complex reengineering is realized by the manufacturer and not included into the lump sum price. To start the reorganization of the complex it is necessary to interrupt the continuous pyrolysis process. The fuel and energy exchange for renewed unite startup will be equal to the previous starting exchange.
The period of the constructing and delivering is 6-8 months (it depends on our busy conditions at the moment of the entering into a contract).
The period of installing, setting into operation and staff training is less than 1 month after transportation.
The entire pyrolysis system is placed in container having a volume of 40 cubic feet. The footprint of the pyrolysis equipment is 600-900 m2 (staff, subsidiary and housekeeping constructions are not included).
Requirements to the pyrolysis facility location:
The appropriate amount of the exploitation expenses are:
Waste treatment based on continuous pyrolysis technology eliminates the emission of hazardous substances into the atmosphere. Disintegration of the materials into particles occurs without access of oxygen at low temperature in the closed reactor chambers. This factor ensures environmental and operational safety of the pyrolysis process.
Low temperature pyrolysis installation produces the pyrolysis gas, pyrocarbon and liquid pyrolysis fuel. Pyrocarbon and pyrolysis liquid fuel are gasificated to generate the maximum amount of the electricity with one pyrolysis unit. In this case the pyrogas output is about 900 m3 from one ton of MSW (waste amount counted after the drying, sorting and separating). 900 m3 of pyrolysis gas is enough to generate 1-1.2 MW of electricity.
MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE
Average output of the pyrolysis products from 1 t of MSW:
Biomass recycling installations based on continuous pyrolysis technology may be oriented toward one of two types of preferable output products: biochar production or synthetic gas for space heating or electric energy production.
Average output of the pyrolysis products from 1 t of biomass (in case of synthetic gas production):
DRY SEWAGE SLUDGE RESIDUE
Average output of the pyrolysis products from 1 t of the sewage sludge (moisture content – 5%, fraction – 20*30 mm):
Alternative output of the sewage sludge recycling using the pyrolysis complex (capacity 60 t/hour):
The comparative table of the pyrolysis products output from different types of raw materials
|Type of feed (raw materials)||Pyrolysis products, by weight %|
|Pyrolysis liquid substance (synthetic oil with water content < 0.01%)||Pyrogas||Pyrocarbon (include bottom ash)||Pyrowater (filtered from the pyrolysis liquid substance)|
|Municipal solid waste (humidity – 10%)||20-50||18||25||15|
Pyrolysis liquid (synthetic oil) and pyrogas may be transformed into heat power for space heating or into electric power (using turbines and other additional equipment). 2.5 m3 of pyrogas (synthetic gas) is an equivalent to 1 m3 of natural gas.
Pyrocarbon be gasificated to produce maximum quantity of the electric power with one pyrolysis machine. Among the popular fields of pyrocarbon application are also production of coal-water fuel, waste-water treatment, rubber products (tire-casings) filling, plastic and plastic dyes manufacture. It is similar to coal coke and may be used in the same way.
Biochar is the carbon residue formed in the low-temperature pyrolysis combustion of biomass. It is in demand as an effective fertilizer and animals’ feed supplement on the European market. It increases the soil productivity for 30%. Learn more about biochar here.
For electric energy generating the additional equipment modules are requirement (turbines and steam boilers) We are not producing these devices now, but we are able to design the technological layout for “turnkey”.
The appropriate quote of pyrolysis gas for 1 100-1 200 kW generating is 900 m3. To learn more about the power generating cycle, visit our YouTube channel.
There is the calculator for Pyrolysis installation efficiency counting here
All equipment modules needed for pyrolysis process (starting from raw materials receiving and ending by pyrolysis products (liquid fuel, pyrogas and pyrocarbon/biochar) unloading) are included into the lump sum price.
The additional equipment modules (turbines and boilers) for electric energy generation may be also included into the layout.
There are not included into the price:
Yes, the transporting and installing of the equipment complex are included into the final price. But the responsibility for installing place preparation is entrusted to the host party.
The inquired staff for proper continuous pyrolysis plant functioning consists of 6-9 workers (3 day shifts, 1 engineer and 2 operators or 1 engineer and operator every day). It is discussed individually.
It is necessary to organize the foundation for installation, drives for transports, store places for pyrolysis products and for reserve component parts, and also to build the operators' office. The complex is functioning at the open air, but it is better to protect it from precipitation with awning. Also, the containers for pyrolysis products are required.
The staff is usually trained and instructed during the installation startup work (appropriate for a month). Staff training is included into the lump sum price.
Currently, the Pyrolysis project is aimed at providing the equipment complexes for pyrolysis recycling, but not for the waste buying and treating. Nevertheless, we are going to concern such a type of cooperation soon.
The functioning industrial model is situated in Ukraine (Kyiv region). We usually offer our guests to test the machine and try to recycle their prepared samples of waste mass and to analyze the output products.
Also, the engineers and project coordinators are usually presented at the appointment to discuss more detailed the technological or mechanical characteristics and cooperation conditions.
Ask about the earliest presentation date here.